Apartment investing is commonly referred to as a “real estate syndication” where a group of individuals pool their money and purchase the property. This is how we structure our investment opportunities.

The money that is pooled together is used primarily for the down payment of the apartment and the rest of the funds come from a lender. This means the lending company has the most money invested in the venture. Lenders typically fund 70-80% of the purchase price. The rest is funded by the passive investor.

To protect their interests, the lending company does a whole lot of analysis and research before providing the loan. Once the loan is approved, we can then offer the apartment as an investment for you. This means not only have we diligently vetted the deal, but so has the lender.

Lenders have a comprehensive due diligence process to evaluate the profitability of the apartment and the background of the general partners – the people who are offering you the investment. The lender’s actions safeguard and protect the passive investor’s interest.

By understanding the role and responsibilities of a lender, you can be more confident about your apartment investment.


Operational History & Potential

When evaluating a loan, the lender will look at the historical performance of the property, including occupancy rates, rental income, tenant retention and expenses. They also look at the potential of the property, such as any renovations and operational improvements that could increase the value of the property and its income. They also review projections for cash flow and debt service coverage, capital expenditures and other key financial ratios.


Property Inspection

To gain insight into the condition of the property, lenders may take a tour of the property and amenities, meet with management staff and review inspection reports. The lender must also approve the property management company that will be responsible for operating the property and ensuring it is profitable and can cover the loan payments. The lender also works with other professional service providers for the property appraisal, physical needs assessment, title, survey, insurance, legal and environmental site assessment.


Market Analysis

A thorough market analysis is a crucial component of due diligence for any apartment investment. A lender’s due diligence process includes the analysis of current and projected rental rates, an evaluation of potential vacancies, a review of the competition in the rental market and an evaluation of the potential for future development in the area. The market analysis will also include an assessment of the local economy, population growth, job opportunities, and other factors that may impact the desirability of the investment. It is important to have an in-depth understanding of the local market before investing in any apartment complex.


Financial Strength of the Borrowers

One of the primary considerations when evaluating a large apartment loan is the financial strength of the borrowers/general partners. The general partners manage your investment in the apartment. Lenders will assess the general partners’ personal financial statements. The combined net worth of the general partner must be equal to or greater than the loan amount. The lender also requires that they have sufficient personal liquidity to cover loan payments, if needed. The general partners must also have experience in the apartment industry in managing a property of a similar size.

Lenders will review the borrower’s business plan and proposed use of the loan, which will help lenders understand the borrower’s short- and long-term goals.


Financial Modeling

Financial modeling is an essential part of a lender’s evaluation of a large multifamily loan. The lender uses financial models to validate the expected performance of the property and to assess the risks of the loan from the lender’s perspective. The financial model includes projections for cash flow and debt service coverage, capital expenditures and other key financial ratios. The model includes assumptions about market rents, occupancy, expenses, and the financing terms. The model also includes sensitivity analysis to understand the impact of changes in assumptions on the expected performance of the loan.


Exit Analysis

The lender will also analyze the ability for the loan to be repaid in full. This includes assessing the general partners’ liquidity, if they have substantial cash reserves, and if they have a solid exit strategy. The exit analysis also includes estimates of the apartments future cash flows, eventual sale price and the risks associated with them. Finally, the exit analysis identifies any potential obstacles or risks that may prevent the loan from being repaid and any strategies the general partners may take to mitigate those risks.


The Lenders Due Diligence Protects Your Investments

Lenders are extremely vigilant when evaluating large multifamily loans. They consider the borrower’s creditworthiness, apartment owning experience, the loan amount, its repayment terms, the size and condition of the property, and the local real estate market. Careful evaluation can help lenders determine if the loan is worth making and if the property will be profitable enough to meet the payment obligations.

We can only purchase an apartment after we receive a lender’s stamp of approval. This due diligence process is essential for ensuring the apartment building is a worthwhile investment with minimal risk while ensuring it’s a successful and profitable investment.